What do you need to know about the new coronavirus?

Answers to basic questions about COVID-19 – the disease caused by the new coronavirus.

How is the disease transmitted?

It is now known that COVID-19 is airborne and communicable.

The virus doesn’t circulate in the air; it is transmitted from person to person.

The virus is unable to travel long distances. It is contained only in the drops that the person exhales while coughing or sneezing. Distance is a guarantee of security. This is a factor of the interruption of the epidemic chain. Therefore, it is impossible to catch the virus even from an infected person, if you’re at least 1.5 m apart from each other.

The communicable means of infection predominates.

Most often, the virus affects the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes through hands or other objects (handkerchief or gloves) after touching the objects (animals, meat, fish, door handles and handrails), contaminated by respiratory secretions of a sick or infected person.

Is it possible to catch the virus from animals?

There is currently no official confirmation that animals (for example, dogs or cats) can be the carriers of the new coronavirus. However, we recommend you wash your hands with soap and water after contact with pets. This will protect you from the risk of spreading a number of bacteria the person can catch from pets.

Can the virus be transmitted through the fruits?

Fruits are an unsuitable environment for the long-term survival of the virus. There is no information about the transmission of the virus through the fruits. We want to remind you that fruits should be thoroughly washed, but this is a standard recommendation.

How long does the virus live on surfaces? What can kill the virus?

The virus can live on surfaces from 3 hours to several days. Specific terms depend on a number of conditions. For example, the type of surfaces, the temperature, and humidity of the environment. Therefore, it is important to disinfect the surfaces, door handles, technics, etc.

Is it safe to receive parcels from the countries where the cases of new coronavirus infection have been reported?

Yes, completely. It is impossible to get infected with COVID-19 via parcel. WHO doesn’t recommend any restrictions on trade and movement of goods from PCR. Mail delivery from/to PCR is carried out in normal mode.

At an initial stage, COVID-19 has the same symptoms as other acute respiratory diseases. Only a special test can determine this diagnosis.

Therefore, in the case of the first symptoms of SARS, you must contact your family doctor immediately.

Who is at risk?

The course of the disease depends on the person’s immunity.

Elderly people

A vulnerable group includes elderly people and persons with chronic diseases and weak immunity – they are more likely to develop serious illnesses.

Medical workers

After reporting the cases of diseases caused by the new coronavirus, medical workers have become a vulnerable group.

Persons who had direct physical contact with the patient.

Direct physical contact with the ill person or infectious secretions. For example, through a handshake.

Persons who were in a closed environment with patients

Persons who were in a closed environment with COVID-19 patients at a distance of up to 2 m and longer than 15 minutes.

The disease caused by the new coronavirus can’t be called “fatal”, because the lethality is 3.4%

How to protect yourself from viral infections?

Strengthen your immunity and monitor your well-being

Good nutrition, healthy sleep, physical activity, and water balance of the body.

Wash your hands frequently with soap for 20 seconds

Or use antiseptic (the alcohol content must be at least 60-80%)

Avoid touching your face.

Don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands.

Seek medical attention at the first symptoms

In the case of the first symptoms of SARS, contact your family doctor immediately.

Avoid contact with people who have symptoms of SARS.

The minimum distance from those who have cold symptoms is 1.5 m.

Thermally process the products.

Don’t eat raw meat, meat co-products, and eggs.

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